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Precios fijos y raciones: la Anaconda Copper Company en Chile entre 1932 y 1958

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  • Fernando Angela Vergara

    (Department of History, California State University, Los Angeles, Los Angeles CA, Estados Unidos)

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    Abstract

    Este artículo examina las características del sistema de precios fijos para los productos de primera necesidad impuesto por las filiales de la empresa norteamericana Anaconda Copper Company en Chile. Entre 1932 y 1958, las filiales de Anaconda matuvieron un generoso sistema de precios fijos que garantizó a los trabajadores acceso a productos básicos en un contexto nacional de fuertes presiones inflacionarias. Junto a razones económicas, los precios fijos fueron parte de un sistema más amplio de beneficios y prácticas socio-laborales. Así, influida por las ideas de paternalismo industrial, Anaconda utilizó los precios fijos como una forma de influir sobre la mano de obra y garantizar una cierta paz y estabilidad laboral en sus campamentos. En la práctica, sin embargo, las contradicciones y el mal funcionamiento de las llamadas pulperías motivaron innumerables conflictos laborales y sociales en los campamentos del cobre, provocando una ardua campaña sindical para mejorar y ampliar estos beneficios. Hacia 1958, el sistema se había vuelto demasiado costoso y poco práctico, siendo remplazado por una compensación económica que se pagaba directamente al trabajador. KEY Classification-JEL: J3. J5. N 36. N 56

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Asociación Española de Historia Económica in its journal Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association.

    Volume (Year): 08 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 03 ()
    Pages: 135,143

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    Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:08:y:2012:i:03:p:135-143

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    Related research

    Keywords: Consumo. Trabajo. Minería. Precios.;

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