Social Principles Underlying Traditional Inshore Fishery Management Systems in the Pacific Basin
AbstractAmong fisheries management schemes, those based on sole ownership concepts have been relatively little studied. This concept has been most widely applied in the traditional fisheries management or sea tenure systems of the Pacific Basin, where, unlike the West, sole ownership resides in the community or other small social group. Information on Pacific Basin sea tenure systems remains largely anecdotal and unsynthesized. In a partial attempt to overcome that, this article defines and exemplifies six social principles common to many traditional systems of sea tenure in inshore fisheries management in the Pacific Basin, with reference to Oceanian islands, and based on an examination of the literature and supplementary field research. These principles are that: (1) sea rights depend on social status, (2) resource exploitation is governed by use rights, (3) resource territories are defined. (4) marine resources are controlled by traditional authorities, (5) conservation was traditionally widely practiced, and (6) sanctions and punishments are meted out for infringement of regulations. Most remaining systems are hybrids of traditional and modem components, with the latter becoming dominant. Interpretation of the literature without supplementary field verification is severely constrained by the use of the ''anthropological present'' tense.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Marine Resources Foundation in its journal Marine Resource Economics.
Volume (Year): 05 (1988)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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Web page: http://www.uri.edu/cels/enre/mre/mre.htm
Environmental Economics and Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;
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- H. Scott Gordon, 1954. "The Economic Theory of a Common-Property Resource: The Fishery," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62, pages 124.
- Keen, E. A., 1983. "Common property in fisheries : Is sole ownership an option?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 197-211, July.
- Julio Peña Torres, 2005. "Informal Markets, Perishability and Vertical Control: Brokerage of Artisanal Landings," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv165, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
- Mauricio G. Villena & Carlos A. Chávez, 2005. "On the Enforcement of Territorial Use Rights Regulations: A Game Theoretic Approach," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 6(1), pages 1-44.
- Julio Peña Torres & R. Javier Bustos S. & Claudio Pérez B., 2005. "Mercados Informales y Control Vertical: Comercialización de Pesca Artesanal Perecible," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv161, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
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