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Measuring the Impact of Tourism on Rural Development: An Econometric Approach

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  • Thompson, Eric C.
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    Abstract

    Research on economic base analysis has consistently favored approaches that measure the level of basic employment in all sectors rather than simply assuming that certain sectors (such as manufacturing) are inherently basic. Measurement of economic base in these studies, however, has often used techniques that have a tendency to be imprecise, either underestimat-ing (location quotients) or overestimating (minimum requirements) basic employment. Such techniques are necessary since it is often difficult to identify approaches (other than costly surveys) to identify the level of basic activity in each sector. In this research, I propose an econometric approach to estimate the level of basic employment in a key service industry (lodg-ing) with substantial potential to be part of a region’s economic base. The model is run for counties in the State of Nebraska, a state where tourism is not a large part of the economy, and, therefore, standard techniques such as location quotients are unlikely to identify basic employment. The econometric approach was able to isolate the level of basic tourism activity in the each Nebraska county. However, further analysis did not consistently identify a statistically significant relationship between basic tourism activity and total employment in Nebraska counties.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Mid-Continent Regional Science Association in its journal Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:ags:jrapmc:132415

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    Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban Development;

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    1. Dan Black & Terra McKinnish & Seth Sanders, 2005. "The Economic Impact Of The Coal Boom And Bust," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(503), pages 449-476, 04.
    2. Brown, Stephen P. A. & Hayes, Kathy J. & Taylor, Lori L., 2003. "State and Local Policy, Factor Markets, and Regional Growth," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 33(1), pages 40-60.
    3. Chandra, Amitabh & Thompson, Eric, 2000. "Does public infrastructure affect economic activity?: Evidence from the rural interstate highway system," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 457-490, July.
    4. Brown, Scott J. & Coulson, N. Edward & Engle, Robert F., 1992. "On the determination of regional base and regional base multipliers," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 619-635, November.
    5. Carrington, William J, 1996. "The Alaskan Labor Market during the Pipeline Era," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(1), pages 186-218, February.
    6. Cutler, Harvey & England, Scott & Weiler, Stephan, 2003. "Determining Regional Structure through Cointegration," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 33(2), pages 164-83.
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