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Risk-Increasing and Risk-Reducing Practices in Human Resource Management: Focus Group Discussions with Livestock Managers


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  • Bitsch, Vera
  • Olynk, Nicole J.


Historically, managers in livestock production have focused on production management; however, as operations have grown they have spent more time managing employees. Increased time spent overseeing employees brings additional risks and challenges, and, hence, a greater need for human resource management (HRM) skills. This study investigated HRM practices in pork production and analyzed their risk attributes through six focus group discussions with managers. Results were compared to existing data from four dairy focus groups and to other research. The results have been used to develop and adapt educational workshops for managers in pork production.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Agricultural Economics Association in its journal Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 40 (2008)
Issue (Month): 01 (April)

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Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:45518

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Keywords: focus group research method; labor management; personnel management; qualitative research; risk management; risk perception; Livestock Production/Industries; Risk and Uncertainty; B49; M12; M50; M52; M53; M54; M59; Q12; Q19;

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  1. Harwood, Joy L. & Heifner, Richard G. & Coble, Keith H. & Perry, Janet E. & Somwaru, Agapi, 1999. "Managing Risk in Farming: Concepts, Research, and Analysis," Agricultural Economics Reports 34081, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  2. Bitsch, Vera & Yakura, Elaine K., 2007. "Middle Management in Agriculture: Roles, Functions, and Practices," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 10(02).
  3. Mugera, Amin W. & Bitsch, Vera, 2005. "Managing Labor on Dairy Farms: A Resource-Based Perspective with Evidence from Case Studies," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 8(03).
  4. Bitsch, Vera & Kassa, Getachew Abate & Harsh, Stephen B. & Mugera, Amin W., 2006. "Human Resource Management Risks: Sources and Control Strategies Based on Dairy Farmer Focus Groups," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(01), April.
  5. Bitsch, Vera & Harsh, Stephen B., 2004. "Labor Risk Attributes in the Green Industry: Business Owners' and Managers' Perspectives," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 36(03), December.
  6. Hurley, Terrance M. & Kliebenstein, James & Orazem, Peter & Miller, Dale, 2005. "Nationwide Survey of Employees and Producers: A 15-Year Summary," Staff General Research Papers 12440, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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Cited by:
  1. Bitsch, Vera & Ferris, Ted & Lee, Katherine L. & McFadden, Mike & Ross, Dean, 2008. "Extension Educators Collecting Industry-specific Stakeholder Input," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 43249, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).


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