Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Basic Dilemmas of Utopia in Comparative Perspective

Contents:

Author Info

  • Ben-Rafael, Eliezer
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    This paper is intended to consider, in the light of the recent transformation of the Israeli kibbutz, the variety of social experiments which similarly illustrate the Proudhonian-Comtian-Durkheimian emphases on cooperation and collective solidarity, within societies dominated by market economy, the philosophy of progress and, nowadays especially, processes of globalization. These forms draw their interest from the fact that they put this vision to empirical test which shows the tensions, difficulties, and potentialities involved. We will especially focus on the kibbutz, the Mondragon complex of cooperatives and the American communes which show, beyond the differences of context and the singularity of each specific type, how far collectivism may concur with individualism, and solidarity and egalitarianism with social differentiation and conflict. On the other hand, the comparative analysis also reveals, in varying respects and at diverse degrees, similar concerns, dilemmas and tensions. As a rule, the tension between the enterprise and the community principles has gradually witnessed a predominance of the former over the latter and this "embourgeoisement" leads to confrontations between values and aspirations as well as between callings and interests. The collective's survival, it appears, is endangered both when it is threatened by insolvency - ipso Jacto - and when it is successful - as it risks then to be torn apart by divergent interests which impend on its moral purposes. Above all, this comparative analysis breaks the naivety of those who fully participate to this era of globalization and still perceive utopia beyond technocracy.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60901
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Hebrew University, Center for Agricultural Economic Research in its journal Journal of Rural Cooperation.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages:

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:ags:jlorco:60901

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100
    Phone: +972-8-9489230
    Fax: +972-8-9466267
    Web page: http://departments.agri.huji.ac.il/economics/en/jrc.htm
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: Agribusiness;

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:jlorco:60901. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.