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A Spatial Analysis of the Effect of Entry by Supercenter and Warehouse Club Retailers on Grocery Sales

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Author Info

  • Martens, Bobby J.
  • Dooley, Frank J.
  • Florax, Raymond J.G.M.

Abstract

This research evaluates the effects of entry by supercenters and warehouse club retailers on the location of retail grocery sales. Drawing on location theory and empirical works, spatial econometric convergence models are specifi ed and estimated. Because grocery shopping is generally a local phenomenon, the spatial models are used to capture spillover effects between geographical areas. The results show that supercenter and warehouse club retailers have a signifi cant and large effect on growth of grocery sales, especially in low population areas. The results suggest that the large stores are new grocery distribution channels, which are changing where consumers shop for groceries.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/139056
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Food Distribution Research Society in its journal Journal of Food Distribution Research.

Volume (Year): 41 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:jlofdr:139056

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Web page: http://fdrs.ag.utk.edu/
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Related research

Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Industrial Organization;

References

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  1. Capps, Oral, Jr. & Griffin, James M., 1998. "Effect Of A Mass Merchandiser On Traditional Food Retailers," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 29(1), February.
  2. Emek Basker & Michael Noel, 2007. "The Evolving Food Chain: Competitive Effects of Wal-Marts Entry into the Supermarket Industry," Working Papers 0712, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  3. Jerry Hausman & Ephraim Leibtag, 2005. "Consumer Benefits from Increased Competition in Shopping Outlets: Measuring the Effect of Wal-Mart," NBER Working Papers 11809, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Richard J. Volpe & Nathalie Lavoie, 2008. "The Effect of Wal-Mart Supercenters on Grocery Prices in New England," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 4-26.
  5. Irwin, Elena G. & Clark, Jill, 2006. "Wall Street vs. Main Street: What are the Benefits and Costs of Wal-Mart to Local Communities?," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 21(2).
  6. Thomas J. Holmes, 2008. "The Diffusion of Wal-Mart and Economies of Density," NBER Working Papers 13783, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Michael J Hicks, 2008. "Estimating Wal-Mart's Impacts in Maryland: A Test of Identification Strategies and Endogeneity Tests," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(1), pages 56-73, Winter.
  8. Georgeanne M. Artz & Kenneth E. Stone, 2006. "Analyzing the Impact of Wal-Mart Supercenters on Local Food Store Sales," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 88(5), pages 1296-1303.
  9. Woo, Byung-Joon & Huang, Chung L. & Epperson, James E. & Cude, Brenda J., 2001. "Effect Of A New Wal-Mart Supercenter On Local Retail Food Prices," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 32(01), March.
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