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The Rise Of Private Food Quality And Safety Standards: Illustrations From Brazil

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Author Info

  • Reardon, Thomas
  • Farina, Elizabeth Maria Mercier Querido

Abstract

Over the past decade, the private sector has rapidly built up an array of private food standards to assure quality and safety in a fiercely competitive market. These private standards have sometimes been to fill in for missing public standards, especially for safety, and to differentiate products and build reputation, for both quality and safety. Moreover, private standards are increasingly related to meta-management systems assuring both quality and safety at all levels of a chain, enforcing and certifying the implementation of process standards. The privatization of standards has been important for both buyers and suppliers in the chain. They tend to be formulated and imposed by buyers (retailers and processors), and are key to their cost control and reputation with consumers, thus overall competitiveness. They are imposed on suppliers, who often find that the standards imply very substantial outlays for reporting, new equipment, and training. The lucky - a relatively small subset of the original set of suppliers - tend to find that meeting the standards, with formal certification in hand, benefits their business, opens new opportunities. The excluded tend to find themselves relegated to waning and unprofitable markets. The above points concerning the determinants and effects of the formulation and implementation of private standards are illustrated with cases from the dairy, coffee, wheat products, and coconut product chains in Brazil.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA) in its journal International Food and Agribusiness Management Review.

Volume (Year): 04 (2001)
Issue (Month): 04 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:ifaamr:34455

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Related research

Keywords: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety;

References

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  1. Michael A. Mazzocco, 1996. "HACCP as a Business Management Tool," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 770-774.
  2. Reardon, Thomas & Codron, Jean-Marie & Busch, Lawrence & Bingen, R. James & Harris, Craig, 1999. "Global Change In Agrifood Grades And Standards: Agribusiness Strategic Responses In Developing Countries," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 2(03/04).
  3. Elizabeth M. M. Q. Farina & Thomas Reardon, 2000. "Agrifood Grades and Standards in the Extended Mercosur: Their Role in the Changing Agrifood System," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(5), pages 1170-1176.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Pingali, Prabhu L., 2006. "Agricultural Growth and Economic Development: A View through the Globalization Lens," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25429, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  2. Pingali, Prabhu, 2007. "Westernization of Asian diets and the transformation of food systems: Implications for research and policy," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 281-298, June.
  3. Isabel Maria Bodas Freitas & Michiko Iizuka, 2008. "Standards compliance as an alternative learning opportunity under globalization in Latin America," SPRU Working Paper Series 172, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  4. Miguel Carriquiry & Bruce A. Babcock, 2004. "Reputation, Quality Observability, and the Choice of Quality Assurance Systems," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 04-wp373, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  5. Lemeilleur, Sylvaine, 2013. "Smallholder Compliance with Private Standard Certification: The Case of GlobalGAP Adoption by Mango Producers in Peru," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 16(4).
  6. Miguel Carriquiry & Bruce A. Babcock, 2004. "Reputations, Market Structure, and the Choice of Quality Assurance Systems in the Food Industry," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 04-wp377, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  7. Luc, Veyssiere, 2007. "The rise of supermarkets in developing countries: Implications for credit markets," 106th Seminar, October 25-27, 2007, Montpellier, France 7936, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  8. Eaton, Derek J.F. & Bourgeois, J. & Achterbosch, Thom J., 2005. "Product differentiation under the WTO; An analysis of labelling and tariff or tax measures concerning farm animal welfare," Report Series 29123, Agricultural Economics Research Institute.
  9. Philippe Marcoul & Luc Veyssiere, 2010. "A Financial Contracting Approach to the Role of Supermarkets in Farmers' Credit Access," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 92(4), pages 1051-1064.
  10. Cocks, Jack & Gow, Hamish R. & Dunn, Daniel J., 2003. "Meeting Private Grades And Standards In Transition Agriculture: Experiences From The Armenian Dairy Industry," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 6(01).
  11. Cocks, Jack & Gow, Hamish R. & Dunn, Daniel J., 2003. "Meeting Private Grades And Standards In Transition Agriculture: Experiences From The Armenian Dairy Industry," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22144, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

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