IntÃ©zmÃ©nyi innovÃ¡ciÃ³ az eurÃ³pai vidÃ©kpolitikÃ¡ban
AbstractA vidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©si hÃ¡lÃ³zatok a vidÃ©kpolitika eurÃ³pai dimenziÃ³jÃº eszkÃ¶zÃ©vÃ© vÃ¡ltak. InformÃ¡ciÃ³t szolgÃ¡ltatnak a 27 tagorszÃ¡gnak Ã©s harmadik orszÃ¡goknak. A hÃ¡lÃ³zatokban partnersÃ©gi alapon egyÃ¼ttmÅ±kÃ¶dnek a vidÃ©k szereplÅ‘i, a kÃ¼lÃ¶nfÃ©le szakÃ©rÂ¬tÅ‘i csoportok, valamint a mezÅ‘gazdasÃ¡gi Ã©s erdÃ©szeti szervezetek. CÃ©l a vidÃ©ki tÃ©rsÃ©Â¬gek eredmÃ©nyes fejlesztÃ©se. A â€žContact Pointâ€ olyan brÃ¼sszeli szervezet, amely szolgÃ¡ltatÃ¡sokat nyÃºjt a MezÅ‘gazdasÃ¡gi Ã©s VidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©si IgazgatÃ³sÃ¡gok (DG-AGRI) rÃ©szÃ©re, Ã©s egyik kiemelt feladata eurÃ³pai szinten a hÃ¡lÃ³zatok mÅ±kÃ¶dtetÃ©se, a koordinÃ¡ciÃ³ Ã©s az informÃ¡ciÃ³csere, a jÃ³ gyakorlat elterjesztÃ©se, valamint a nemzetkÃ¶zi egyÃ¼ttmÅ±kÃ¶dÃ©sek elÅ‘segÃtÃ©se. A nemzeti hÃ¡lÃ³zatok nem egysÃ©gesen jÃ¶ttek lÃ©tre. A tagorszÃ¡gok tÃ¶bbsÃ©gÃ©ben egy hÃ¡lÃ³zat mÅ±kÃ¶dik, kÃ©t orszÃ¡gban azonban tÃ¶bb hÃ¡lÃ³zatot hoztak lÃ©tre. Az EurÃ³pai VidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©si HÃ¡lÃ³zat nyitott, amihez a vidÃ©ki tÃ©rsÃ©gek bÃ¡rmely szereplÅ‘je csatlakozhat, olyanok, akik a vidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©si politika Ã¼gyeiben Ã©rdekeltek. A vidÃ©ki Ã©let szereplÅ‘i igÃ©nybe vehetik a nemzeti Ã©s az EurÃ³pai VidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©si HÃ¡lÃ³zatok szolgÃ¡ltatÃ¡sait Ã©s mÅ±kÃ¶dÅ‘ informÃ¡ciÃ³s eszkÃ¶zeit. Ennek Ã©rdekÃ©ben ajÃ¡nlhatÃ³, hogy iratkozzanak fel a rendszeresen megjelenÅ‘ publikÃ¡ciÃ³k levelezÅ‘listÃ¡jÃ¡ra Ã©s tÃ¡jÃ©kozÃ³djanak a hÃ¡lÃ³zat Ã©s a vidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©s esemÃ©nyeirÅ‘l, programjairÃ³l. Az Ãºj intÃ©zmÃ©nyi filozÃ³fiÃ¡ban, a hÃ¡lÃ³zati szervezÅ‘dÃ©sben (networking) fontos elem a civil tÃ¡rsadalom Ã©s magÃ¡nszektor kÃ©pviselÅ‘i kÃ¶zÃ¶tti partnersÃ©g. JÃ³, ha a hÃ¡lÃ³zatok tevÃ©kenysÃ©gÃ©t kÃ¶zremÅ±kÃ¶dÅ‘i megkÃ¶zelÃtÃ©s jellemzi, kÃ¼lÃ¶nÃ¶sen az integrÃ¡lt tÃ©rsÃ©gfejlesztÃ©sben, amely figyelembe veszi a gazdasÃ¡gi, szociÃ¡lis, kulturÃ¡lis Ã©s kÃ¶rÂ¬nyezeti szempontokat. VÃ¡rhatÃ³, hogy a vidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©si politika cÃ©lkitÅ±zÃ©sei Ã©s feltÃ©telrendszere a kÃ¶vetkezÅ‘ tervezÃ©si idÅ‘szakban vÃ¡ltozik, ennek befolyÃ¡solÃ¡sÃ¡ban az Ã©rdekeltek minÃ©l aktÃvabb, tÃ©nyeken alapulÃ³ Ã©s mÃ©rhetÅ‘ kÃ¶ltsÃ©g-haszon indikÃ¡torokkal alÃ¡tÃ¡masztott Ã©rvei Ã©s az ehhez kapcsolÃ³dÃ³ Ã¡tlÃ¡thatÃ³ Ã©s elszÃ¡moltathatÃ³ intÃ©zmÃ©nyi struktÃºrÃ¡k dÃ¶ntÅ‘ jelentÅ‘sÃ©gÅ±ek. ------------------------------------------ Some â‚¬90.8 billion of the RDP finances will come from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and another â‚¬70.1 billion has been ear-marked by national authorities for rural areas. Project beneficiaries are forecast to provide a further â‚¬64.8 billion of their own private money in the overall EU rural development budget. These financial commitments combine to represent quite a significant sum of funds and they reflect the crucial role that EU rural development policy plays in supporting the long term prosperity of rural areas in the 27 Member States. Our EAFRD symbolises an evolution in strategic thinking for EU rural policy. Each of the 94 RDPs now has four closely integrated development priorities within a new funding framework that has been carefully designed to address the needs of individual Member Statesâ€™ rural areas. In addition, the new strategic funding structure also ensures that all investments made within the four EAFRD â€˜priority axesâ€™ will also make important contributions to the EUâ€™s collective goals concerning employment and growth, environmental sustainability and social inclusion. The European Network for Rural Development (EN RD) became operational in October 2008. Its launch marks the start of a new era in EU rural development policy which builds on a long history of successful experiences and introduces an integrated set of economic, social and environmental benefits for all rural areas within the EU. The EN RDâ€™s newcoordinated approach to rural development activity reflects EU policy directions agreed in Article 67 of Council Regulation (EC) NÂ° 1698/2005 concerning the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). EN RD operations are outlined further in the Community Strategic Guidelines for Rural Development (2006/144/EC), which confirm the networkâ€™s role as a platform for exchange of best practice and expertise between stakeholders on policy design, management and implementation of rural development action. Many of the EN RDâ€™s approaches to implementing these development activities have their origins in methodologies that were applied effectively during previous Leader networking systems. These approaches proved themselves to be both productive and popular with rural areas throughout the EU and the new EN RD aims to emulate such achievements. A new framework of strategic support services for rural areas has been introduced by the European Commission. This pioneering network covers all aspects of rural life in the 27 Member States and is already proving its value by helping to enhance the effectiveness of EU rural development policy. Added-value principles feature prominently in the networkâ€™s day to day operations, which involve a broad spectrum of actions that are tailored to meet the individual requirements of different rural areas and rural stakeholders. Examples of added-value EN RD actions include helping EAFRD managers to simplify procedures for beneficiaries, developing synergies with other European funds available in rural areas and organising various expert working groups that examine common rural problems in order to identify common development solutions.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by KÁROLY RÓBERT OKTATÓ-KUTATÓ Kht. in its journal GAZDÁLKODÁS: Scientific Journal on Agricultural Economics.
Volume (Year): 53 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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Web page: http://www.gazdalkodas.hu/
EU; vidÃ©kpolitika; vidÃ©kfejlesztÃ©si hÃ¡lÃ³zatok; "Contact Point"; EU; rural policy; networks for rural development; Contact Point; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade;
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