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Why is Agricultural Labour Productivity higher in some countries than others?

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  • Gutierrez, Luciano

Abstract

Agriculture productivity varies dramatically in different regions of the world. Using recent theories of economic growth and recently provided data sets, this study finds some empirical regularities between agricultural labour productivity growth, investment and education, as well as environmental factors, for 44 countries during the period 1980-1993. I find strong evidence that where agricultural investment and educated people rates are higher, agricultural labour productivity grows faster. Secondly, geographical factors as well as freer trade influence growth. Finally, I find evidence of conditional convergence, which means that cross-country agricultural productivity does not converge to the same level of steady-state but that productivity in each country converges to its own long-run equilibrium.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Greek Association of Agricultural Economists in its journal Agricultural Economics Review.

Volume (Year): 03 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:aergaa:26431

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Keywords: Labor and Human Capital;

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  1. Edwards, Sebastian, 1992. "Trade orientation, distortions and growth in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 31-57, July.
  2. Luciano Gutierrez & Michele Gutierrez, 2003. "International R&D Spillovers and Productivity Growth in the Agricultural Sector. A Panel Cointegration Approach," Econometrics 0302001, EconWPA.
  3. Lockheed, Marlaine E & Jamison, Dean T & Lau, Lawrence J, 1987. "Farmer Education and Farm Efficiency: Reply," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 35(3), pages 643-44, April.
  4. Barro, Robert J, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-43, May.
  5. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1982. "National and International Returns to Scale in the Modern Theory of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 389-405, June.
  6. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
  7. Larson, David F. & Butzer, Rita & Mundlak, Yair & Crego, Al, 2000. "A Cross-Country Database for Sector Investment and Capital," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 371-91, May.
  8. Martin, Will & Mitra, Devashish, 2001. "Productivity Growth and Convergence in Agriculture versus Manufacturing," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(2), pages 403-22, January.
  9. Jonathan Temple, 1999. "The New Growth Evidence," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(1), pages 112-156, March.
  10. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong Wha, 1996. "International Measures of Schooling Years and Schooling Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 218-23, May.
  11. Macours, Karen & Swinnen, Johan F M, 2002. "Patterns of Agrarian Transition," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 50(2), pages 365-94, January.
  12. Jeffrey Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Progress of Global Integration," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1733, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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Cited by:
  1. Sassi, Maria, 2007. "Structural Change And Economic Convergence Across The Eu-15 Regions: Can The Agricultural Sector Play a Role?," 81st Annual Conference, April 2-4, 2007, Reading University 7961, Agricultural Economics Society.
  2. Eberhardt, Markus & Teal, Francis, 2009. "A Common Factor Approach to Spatial Heterogeneity in Agricultural Productivity Analysis," MPRA Paper 15810, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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