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Modeling Economy-wide vs Sectoral Climate Policies Using Combined Aggregate-Sectoral Models

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Author Info

  • William Pizer
  • Dallas Burtraw
  • Winston Harrington
  • Richard Newell
  • James Sanchirico

Abstract

Economic analyses of climate change policies frequently focus on reductions of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions via market-based, economy-wide policies. The current course of environment and energy policy debate in the United States, however, suggests an alternative outcome: sectorbased and/or inefficiently designed policies. This paper uses a collection of specialized, sector-based models in conjunction with a computable general equilibrium model of the economy to examine and compare these policies at an aggregate level. We examine the relative cost of different policies designed to achieve the same quantity of emission reductions. We find that excluding a limited number of sectors from an economy-wide policy does not significantly raise costs. Focusing policy solely on the electricity and transportation sectors doubles costs, however, and using non-market policies can raise cost by a factor of ten. These results are driven in part by, and are sensitive to, our modeling of pre-existing tax distortions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by International Association for Energy Economics in its journal The Energy Journal.

Volume (Year): Volume 27 (2006)
Issue (Month): Number 3 ()
Pages: 135-168

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Handle: RePEc:aen:journl:2006v27-03-a08

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Cited by:
  1. Kiuila, O. & Rutherford, T.F., 2013. "The cost of reducing CO2 emissions: Integrating abatement technologies into economic modeling," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 62-71.
  2. Gilbert E. Meltcalf, 2007. "Federal Tax Policy towards Energy," NBER Chapters, in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 21, pages 145-184 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Banzhaf, H. Spencer & Chupp, B. Andrew, 2012. "Fiscal federalism and interjurisdictional externalities: New results and an application to US Air pollution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(5), pages 449-464.

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