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A's from Zzzz's? The Causal Effect of School Start Time on the Academic Achievement of Adolescents

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Author Info

  • Scott E. Carrell
  • Teny Maghakian
  • James E. West

Abstract

Recent sleep research finds that many adolescents are sleep-deprived because of both early school start times and changing sleep patterns during the teen years. This study identifies the causal effect of school start time on academic achievement by using two policy changes in the daily schedule at the US Air Force Academy along with the randomized placement of freshman students to courses and instructors. Results show that starting the school day 50 minutes later has a significant positive effect on student achievement, which is roughly equivalent to raising teacher quality by one standard deviation. (JEL I23, J13)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Journal: Economic Policy.

Volume (Year): 3 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (August)
Pages: 62-81

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aejpol:v:3:y:2011:i:3:p:62-81

Note: DOI: 10.1257/pol.3.3.62
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  1. Scott E. Carrell & James E. West, 2010. "Does Professor Quality Matter? Evidence from Random Assignment of Students to Professors," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 118(3), pages 409-432, 06.
  2. Peter Hinrichs, 2011. "When the Bell Tolls: The Effects of School Starting Times on Academic Achievement," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 6(4), pages 486-507, October.
  3. Scott E. Carrell & Marianne E. Page & James E. West, 2010. "Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 125(3), pages 1101-1144, August.
  4. Dills, Angela K. & Hernández-Julián, Rey, 2008. "Course scheduling and academic performance," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 646-654, December.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Sleepy Kids Learn Less
    by Robin Hanson in Overcoming Bias on 2011-07-31 14:00:58
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Cited by:
  1. Jennifer L. Doleac & Nicholas J. Sanders, 2012. "Under the Cover of Darkness: Using Daylight Saving Time to Measure How Ambient Light Influences Criminal Behavior," Working Papers, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary 126, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.
  2. Stewart, Jay, 2013. "Early to Bed and Earlier to Rise: School, Maternal Employment, and Children's Sleep," IZA Discussion Papers 7143, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Edwards, Finley, 2012. "Early to rise? The effect of daily start times on academic performance," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 970-983.
  4. David Frisvold, 2013. "Nutrition and Cognitive Achievement: An Evaluation of the School Breakfast Program," Emory Economics, Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta) 1301, Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta).

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