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Expansions in Maternity Leave Coverage and Children's Long-Term Outcomes

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Author Info

  • Christian Dustmann
  • Uta Sch�nberg

Abstract

This paper evaluates the impact of three major expansions in maternity leave coverage in Germany on children's long-run outcomes. To identify the causal impact of the reforms, we use a difference-indifference design that compares outcomes of children born shortly before and shortly after a change in maternity leave legislation in years of policy changes, and in years when no changes have taken place. We find no support for the hypothesis that the expansions in leave coverage improved children's outcomes, despite a strong impact on mothers' return to work behavior after childbirth. (JEL J13, J16, J22, J32)

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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/app.4.3.190
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 4 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 190-224

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aejapp:v:4:y:2012:i:3:p:190-224

Note: DOI: 10.1257/app.4.3.190
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References

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  1. Michael Baker & Jonathan Gruber & Kevin Milligan, 2006. "Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being," Working Papers id:547, eSocialSciences.
  2. Michael Baker & Kevin S. Milligan, 2007. "Maternal employment, breastfeeding, and health: Evidence from maternity leave mandates," NBER Working Papers 13188, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Charles L. Baum II, 2003. "Does Early Maternal Employment Harm Child Development? An Analysis of the Potential Benefits of Leave Taking," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 381-408, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Sommerfeld K. & Steffes S. & Fitzenberger B., 2013. "Causal effects on employment after first birth - A dynamic treatment approach -," Research Memorandum 031, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
  2. Natalia Danzer & Victor Lavy, 2013. "Parental Leave and Children’s Schooling Outcomes: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from a Large Parental Leave Reform," NBER Working Papers 19452, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Vincenzo Galasso & Paola Profeta & Chiara Pronzato & Francesco C. Billari, 2013. "The Difficult Case of Persuading Women: Experimental Evidence from Childcare," CESifo Working Paper Series 4418, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Geyer, Johannes & Haan, Peter & Spieß, C. Katharina & Wrohlich, Katharina, 2013. "Das Elterngeld und seine Wirkungen auf das Haushaltseinkommen junger Familien und die Erwerbstätigkeit von Müttern," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 193-211.
  5. Eric Bettinger & Torbjørn Haegeland & Mari Rege, 2013. "Home with Mom: The Effects of Stay-at-Home Parents on Children's Long-Run Educational Outcomes," CESifo Working Paper Series 4274, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Cygan-Rehm, Kamila, 2013. "Earnings-Dependent Parental Leave Benefit and Fertility: Evidence from Germany," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 80021, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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