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Income Inequality and Progressive Income Taxation in China and India, 1986-2015

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  • Thomas Piketty
  • Nancy Qian

Abstract

This paper evaluates income tax reforms in China and India. The combination of fast income growth and under-indexed tax schedule in China implies the fraction of the Chinese population subject to income tax has increased from less than 0.1 percent in 1986 to about 20 percent in 2008, while it has stagnated around 2-3 percent in India. Chinese income tax revenues, as a share of GDP, increased from less than 0.1 percent in 1986 to about 1.5 percent in 2005 and 2.5 percent in 2008, while the constant adaptation of exemption levels and income brackets in India have caused them to stagnate around 0.5 percent of GDP. (JEL D31, H24, 015, 023, P23, P35)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 1 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 53-63

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aejapp:v:1:y:2009:i:2:p:53-63

Note: DOI: 10.1257/app.1.2.53
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  1. Thomas Piketty & Emmanuel Saez, 2003. "Income Inequality In The United States, 1913-1998," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 118(1), pages 1-39, February.
  2. Thomas Piketty, 2003. "Income Inequality in France, 1901-1998," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(5), pages 1004-1042, October.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Inégalités et déséquilibres globaux : reconsidérer de vieilles idées pour traiter de nouveaux problèmes
    by creel in OFCE le blog on 2013-05-27 09:12:25
  2. Inequality and Global Imbalances: reconsidering old ideas to address new problems
    by creel in OFCE le blog on 2013-05-27 09:50:00
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Cited by:
  1. Rao, Narasimha D., 2013. "Distributional impacts of climate change mitigation in Indian electricity: The influence of governance," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1344-1356.
  2. Sabina Alkire & Suman Seth, 2013. "Selecting a Targeting Method to Identify BPL Households in India," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 112(2), pages 417-446, June.
  3. Julia Cagé & Lucie Gadenne, 2014. "The Fiscal Cost of Trade Liberalization," PSE Working Papers halshs-00705354, HAL.
  4. Narasimha Rao, 2014. "International and intranational equity in sharing climate change mitigation burdens," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 129-146, May.
  5. Michał Brzeziński, 2013. "Asymptotic and bootstrap inference for top income shares," Working Papers 2013-01, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  6. Michał Brzeziński, 2013. "Variance estimation for richness measures," Working Papers 2013-03, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  7. Anthony B. Atkinson & Thomas Piketty & Emmanuel Saez, 2011. "Top Incomes in the Long Run of History," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 49(1), pages 3-71, March.
  8. Christian A. Belabed & Thomas Theobald & Till van Treeck, 2013. "Income Distribution and Current Account Imbalances," IMK Working Paper 126-2013, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  9. Russell Smyth & Xiaolei Qian, 2008. "Knowing One'S Lot In Life Versus Climbing The Social Ladder: The Formation Of Redistributive Preferences In Urban China," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series, Monash University, Department of Economics 05/08, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  10. Sabina Alkire and Suman Seth, 2012. "Identifying BPL Households: A Comparison of Methods," OPHI Working Papers ophiwp054, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  11. A B Atkinson & Andrew Leigh, 2010. "The Distribution of Top Incomes in Five Anglo-Saxon Countries over the Twentieth Century," CEPR Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University 640, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  12. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00705354 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Thomas Piketty & Emmanuel Saez, 2012. "Optimal Labor Income Taxation," NBER Working Papers 18521, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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  1. Income Inequality and Progressive Income Taxation in China and India, 1986-2015 (AEJ:AE 2009) in ReplicationWiki

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