Consumer Behavior and the Stickiness of Credit-Card Interest Rates
AbstractWe present evidence on the objective function of bank management - that is, are they risk neutral and minimize expected profits or are they risk-averse and trade off profit for risk reduction? We extend the model of Hughes and Mester (1993) to allow a bankâs choice of its financial capital level to reflect its preference for return versus risk. A multiproduct cost function, which incorporates asset quality and the risk faced by a bankâs uninsured depositors, is derived from a model of utility maximization. The utility function represents the bank managementâs preferences defined over asset levels, asset quality, capital level, and profit. Endogenizing the bankâs choice of capital level in this way permits the demand for financial capital to deviate from its cost-minimizing level. The model consists of the cost function, share equations, and demand for financial capital to deviate from its cost-minimizing level. The model consists of the cost function, share equations, and demand for financial capital equation, which are estimated jointly. We then are able to explicitly test whether bank managers are acting in shareholdersâ interest and maximizing expected profits, or whether they are maximizing a utility function that exhibits risk aversion. We believe this is the first such test.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.
Volume (Year): 85 (1995)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
Other versions of this item:
- Paul S. Calem & Loretta J. Mester, . "Consumer Behavior and the Stickiness of CreditCard Interest Rates," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 03-94, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
- Paul S. Calem & Loretta J. Mester, 1994. "Consumer Behavior and the Stickiness of Credit Card Interest Rates," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 94-14, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
- Paul S. Calem & Loretta J. Mester, 1995. "Consumer behavior and the stickiness of credit card interest rates," Working Papers 95-10, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
- Paul S. Calem & Loretta J. Mester, . "Consumer Behavior and the Stickiness of CreditCard Interest Rates," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 3-94, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
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