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Stock Options and the Strategic Use of Managerial Incentives

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  • Reitman, David
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    Abstract

    In Cournot-based oligopoly models there is an incentive for firms to pursue overly aggressive behavior, resulting in prices and profits below those of the Cournot equilibrium. Compensating managers in proportion to a combination of profits and sales provides one mechanism through which aggressive behavior emerges. However, when the profit component of managerial compensation comes in the form of stock options, the aggressive behavior is restrained or even eliminated in equilibrium. This result relies only on the nonlinearity of the stock option; generalizations to other forms of compensation are discussed. Copyright 1993 by American Economic Association.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

    Volume (Year): 83 (1993)
    Issue (Month): 3 (June)
    Pages: 513-24

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    Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:83:y:1993:i:3:p:513-24

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    Cited by:
    1. Baik, Kyung Hwan & Kim, In-Gyu, 1997. "Delegation in contests," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 281-298, May.
    2. Ritz, R.A., 2012. "On welfare losses due to imperfect competition," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1234, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    3. Lee, Gea M., 2010. "Optimal collusion with internal contracting," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 646-669, March.
    4. L. Lambertini, 2004. "Innovation and Managerial Incentives: A Tale of Two Systems," Working Papers 498, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    5. Dasgupta, Sudipto & Shin, Jhinyoung, 2004. "Managerial risk-taking incentives, product market competition and welfare," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 391-401, April.
    6. Spagnolo, Giancarlo, 2005. "Managerial incentives and collusive behavior," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 1501-1523, August.
    7. Wang, Shinn-Shyr & Stiegert, Kyle W. & Dhar, Tirtha P., 2006. "Strategic Pricing Behavior under Asset Value Maximization," Staff Paper Series 495, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    8. Eun-Soo Park, 2002. "Vertical externality and strategic delegation," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(3), pages 137-141.
    9. Neubecker, Leslie, 2002. "Aktienkursorientierte Management-Entlohnung bei korrelierter Entwicklung der Marktnachfrage," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 235, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    10. Marc C. Chopin & Ross N. Dickens & Roger M. Shelor, 1995. "An Empirical Examination of Compensation of REIT Managers," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 10(3), pages 263-278.
    11. Matthew J. Clayton & Bjorn N. Jorgensen, 1998. "Cross Holding and Imperfect Product Markets," New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires 98-020, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business-.
    12. Gregory E. Goering & T. Harikumar, 1999. "Investment decisions and managerial compensation design in the presence of product market rivalry," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(2), pages 87-97.
    13. Robert Ritz, 2013. "On welfare losses due to imperfect competition," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1334, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    14. Neubecker, Leslie, 2001. "Aktienkursorientierte Management-Entlohnung: Ein Wettbewerbshemmnis im Boom?," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 225, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    15. Ahmed Ennasri, 2010. "Incitations Managériales et Concurrence : Synthèse de la Littérature," Studies and Syntheses 10-03, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Oct 2010.
    16. Kirstein, Roland & Kirstein, Annette, 2004. "Inefficient Intra-Firm Incentives Can Stabilize Cartels in Cournot Oligopolies," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2004-09, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
    17. Ziss, Steffen, 1999. "Divisionalization and strategic managerial incentives in oligopoly under uncertainty," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 17(8), pages 1163-1187, November.
    18. Kraus, Alan & Rubin, Amir, 2010. "Reducing managers' incentives to cannibalize: Managerial stock options when shareholders are diversified," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 439-460, October.

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