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Genetic Diversity and the Origins of Cultural Fragmentation

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  • Quamrul Ashraf
  • Oded Galor

Abstract

The origin of the uneven distribution of ethnic and cultural fragmentation across countries has been underexplored, despite the importance attributed to the effects of diversity on the stability and prosperity of nations. Building on the role of deeply-rooted biogeographical forces in comparative development, this research empirically demonstrates that genetic diversity, predominantly determined during the prehistoric "out of Africa" migration of humans, is an underlying cause of various existing manifestations of ethnolinguistic heterogeneity. Further research may revolutionize our understanding of how economic development and the composition of human capital across the globe are affected by these deeply-rooted factors.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 103 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
Pages: 528-33

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:103:y:2013:i:3:p:528-33

Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.528
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  1. Fearon, James D, 2003. " Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 195-222, June.
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As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Genetic diversity, phenotypic diversity and the founder effect
    by Jason Collins in Evolving Economics on 2013-03-06 13:46:20
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Cited by:
  1. Casey, Gregory P. & Owen, Ann L., 2014. "Inequality and Fractionalization," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 32-50.
  2. Alesina, Alberto & Harnoss, Johann & Rapoport, Hillel, 2013. "Birthplace Diversity and Economic Prosperity," IZA Discussion Papers 7568, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Ager, Philipp & Brückner, Markus, 2013. "Immigrants' Genes: Genetic Diversity and Economic Development in the US," MPRA Paper 51906, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Elise S. Brezis & Verdier Thierry, 2014. "Geography, Economics and Political Systems: A Bird’s Eye View," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(1), pages 29-36, 04.
  5. repec:cge:warwcg:148 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Spolaore, Enrico & Wacziarg, Romain, 2013. "Long-Term Barriers to Economic Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 9638, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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