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Female Labor Supply: Why Is the United States Falling Behind?

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  • Francine D. Blau
  • Lawrence M. Kahn

Abstract

In 1990, the US had the sixth highest female labor participation rate among 22 OECD countries. By 2010 its rank had fallen to seventeenth. We find that the expansion of "family-friendly" policies, including parental leave and part-time work entitlements in other OECD countries, explains 29 percent of the decrease in US women's labor force participation relative to these other countries. However, these policies also appear to encourage part-time work and employment in lower level positions: US women are more likely than women in other countries to have full time jobs and to work as managers or professionals.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 103 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
Pages: 251-56

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:103:y:2013:i:3:p:251-56

Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.251
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Cited by:
  1. Olivetti, Claudia & Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2013. "Mothers, Friends and Gender Identity," CEPR Discussion Papers 9712, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Anita Fichtl, 2013. "Gender Quotas on Boardroom Representation in Europe," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 11(3), pages 62-64, October.
  3. Karolina Goraus & Joanna Tyrowicz, 2013. "The Goodwill Effect? Female Access to the Labor Market Over Transition: A Multicountry Analysis," Working Papers 2013-19, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  4. Tominey, Emma, 2013. "Maternity Leave and the Responsiveness of Female Labor Supply to a Household Shock," IZA Discussion Papers 7462, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Anna Baranowska, 2013. "The family size effects on female employment. Evidence from the “natural experiments” related to human reproduction," Working Papers 57, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.

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