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The Cyclical Behavior of Debt and Equity Finance

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  • Francisco Covas
  • Wouter J. Den Haan

Abstract

Debt and equity issuance are procyclical for most size-sorted firm categories of listed US firms and the procyclicality of equity issuance decreases monotonically with firm size. At the aggregate level, however, the results for equity issuance are not conclusive due to different behavior of the largest firms, especially those in the top one percent. During a deterioration in economic conditions, firms limit the impact of the reduction in external financing on investment by shedding financial assets. This is true for a worsening in aggregate as well as firm-specific conditions. (JEL E32, G32, L11, L25)

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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/aer.101.2.877
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 101 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 877-99

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:101:y:2011:i:2:p:877-99

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References

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  1. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1995. "Inside the Black Box: The Credit Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 27-48, Fall.
  2. Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 2001. "Disappearing dividends: changing firm characteristics or lower propensity to pay?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 3-43, April.
  3. Gilchrist, Simon & Himmelberg, Charles P., 1995. "Evidence on the role of cash flow for investment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 541-572, December.
  4. Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 2005. "Financing decisions: who issues stock?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 549-582, June.
  5. Choe, Hyuk & Masulis, Ronald W. & Nanda, Vikram, 1993. "Common stock offerings across the business cycle : Theory and evidence," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 3-31, June.
  6. Francisco Covas & Wouter Denhaan, 2006. "The role of debt and equity finance over the business cycle," 2006 Meeting Papers 407, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Enzo Dia & Fabrizio Casalin, 2013. "Security issuance and the business cycle," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(3), pages 1751-1761.
  2. Tommaso Trani, 2012. "Countercyclical Capital Regulation and Bank Ownership Structure," IHEID Working Papers 14-2012, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.
  3. François Gourio, 2013. "Credit Risk and Disaster Risk," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 1-34, July.
  4. Matthew Greenwood-Nimmo & Artur Tarassow, 2013. "A Macroeconometric Assessment of Minsky’s Financial Instability Hypothesis," Macroeconomics and Finance Series 201306, Hamburg University, Department Wirtschaft und Politik.
  5. Francisco Covas & Wouter J. den Haan, 2006. "The Role of Debt and Equity Finance over the Business Cycle," Working Papers 06-45, Bank of Canada.
  6. Shouyong Shi & Christine Tewfik, 2013. "Financial Frictions, Investment Delay and Asset Market Interventions," Working Papers tecipa-501, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  7. Tyler Muir & Andrea Eisfeldt, 2012. "The Joint Dynamics of Internal and External Finance," 2012 Meeting Papers 842, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  8. Kosuke Aoki & Kalin Nikolov, 2011. "Bubbles, Banks, and Financial Stability," IMES Discussion Paper Series 11-E-24, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
  9. Hess, Dieter & Immenkötter, Philipp, 2011. "Optimal leverage, its benefits, and the business cycle," CFR Working Papers 11-12, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
  10. Eugen Tereanu & Johanna L. Francis & Dilek Aykut, 2010. "The Cost of Private Debt Over the Credit Cycle," IMF Working Papers 10/283, International Monetary Fund.
  11. Jing Yang & Kostas Tsatsaronis, 2012. "Bank stock returns, leverage and the business cycle," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, March.
  12. Zhiwei Xu & Pengfei Wang & Jianjun Miao, 2013. "A Bayesian DSGE Model of Stock Market Bubbles and Business Cycles," 2013 Meeting Papers 167, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  13. Mitsuru Katagiri, 2011. "A Macroeconomic Approach to Corporate Capital Structure," IMES Discussion Paper Series 11-E-28, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
  14. Chiarella Carl & Di Guilmi Corrado, 2012. "The Fiscal Cost of Financial Instability," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(4), pages 1-29, October.
  15. Jianjun Miao & PENGFEI WANG, 2010. "Credit Risk and Business Cycles," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2010-033, Boston University - Department of Economics.

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