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Are Young French Jobseekers of Ethnic Immigrant Origin Discriminated Against? A Controlled Experiment in the Paris Area

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  • Emmanuel DUGUET
  • Noam LEANDRI
  • Yannick L'HORTY
  • Pascale PETIT

Abstract

This study uses the findings of a correspondence test in order to assess the potential discrimination at the job access level against young people of ethnic minority origin from the underprivileged suburbs of the Paris area (Ile-de-France). We measure simultaneously the effects of place of residence (privileged or underprivileged town), of nationality (French or Moroccan), and of sound of surname and of forename on the chances of obtaining a job interview when answering a job advertisement. We base our assessment on a controlled experiment conducted on the profession of accountant. We constructed 16 jobseeker profiles and sent 1 097 résumés in reply to 140 job vacancies advertised at the end of 2006. We find evidence of an important discrimination against candidates of foreign origin, that is partly counterbalanced by the actions of the governmental employment agency and the large corporations.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ENSAE in its journal Annals of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): 99-100 ()
Pages: 187-215

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Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2010:i:99-100:p:09

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References

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  1. Riach, Peter A & Rich, Judith, 1991. "Testing for Racial Discrimination in the Labour Market," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(3), pages 239-56, September.
  2. Aeberhardt, Romain & Pouget, Julien, 2007. "National Origin Wage Differentials in France: Evidence from Matched Employer-Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 2779, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Pascale Petit, 2003. "Comment évaluer la discrimination à l'embauche ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 17(3), pages 55-87.
  4. Rachid Boumahdi & Jean-François Giret, 2005. "Une analyse économétrique des disparités d'accès à l'emploi et de rémunérations entre jeunes d'origine française et jeunes issus de l'immigration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(3), pages 625-636.
  5. Peter Riach & Judith Rich, 1991. "Testing for racial discrimination in the labour market," Natural Field Experiments 00327, The Field Experiments Website.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L'Horty & Pascale Petit, 2011. "Residential Discrimination and Ethnic Origin: An experimental assessment in the Paris suburbs," TEPP Working Paper 2011-04, TEPP.
  2. Mathieu Bunel & Emilia Ene & Yannick L’horty & Pascale Petit, 2013. "Discrimination based on place of residence and access to employment," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201337, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
  3. Clémence Berson, 2012. "Does Competition Induce Hiring Equity ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00718627, HAL.
  4. Yann Algan & Thierry Mayer & Mathias Thoenig, 2013. "The Economic Incentives of Cultural Transmission: Spatial : Spatial Evidence from Naming Patterns across France," Working Papers 2013-25, CEPII research center.
  5. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00935241 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Pierre-Philippe COMBES & Bruno DECREUSE & Morgane LAOUENAN & Alain TRANNOY, 2013. "Customer Discrimination and Employment OUtcomes: Theory and Evidence from the French Labor Market," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013016, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  7. Anthony Edo & Nicolas Jacquemet & Constantine Yannelis, 2013. "Language Skills and Homophilous Hiring Discrimination: Evidence from Gender- and Racially-Differentiated Applications," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 13058, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  8. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00718627 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Jacquemet, Nicolas & Edo, Anthony, 2013. "La discrimination à l’embauche sur le marché du travail français," Opuscules du CEPREMAP, CEPREMAP, number 31, May.
  10. Guillaume Pierné, 2013. "Hiring discrimination based on national origin and religious closeness: results from a field experiment in the Paris area," IZA Journal of Labor Economics, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-15, December.
  11. Manant, Matthieu & Pajak, Serge & Soulié, Nicolas, 2014. "Do recruiters 'like' it? Online social networks and privacy in hiring: a pseudo-randomized experiment," MPRA Paper 56845, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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