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Dynamique des transferts intergénérationnels et effet de démonstration

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  • Mohamed JELLAL
  • François-Charles WOLFF

Abstract

In this paper, we extend the framework of the motives for familial solidarities to three generations. By focusing on upward transfers, we examine the demonstration effect hypothesis where individuals make transfers to their parents in order to be helped in return by their children. We show the limits of this model when the probability of imitation is exogenous. Then, we endogeneize this probability by assuming that imitative behaviors are influenced by the stock of upstream transfers made previously by the parents. The theoretical predictions are tested using two cross-sectional surveys from France. Using different types of upstream transfers, we find little evidence in favor of the demonstration effect hypothesis.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ENSAE in its journal Annals of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): (2005)
Issue (Month): 77 ()
Pages: 81-107

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Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2005:i:77:p:07

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References

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  1. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 142(1), pages 67-91.
  2. Hajivassiliou, Vassilis & McFadden, Daniel & Ruud, Paul, 1996. "Simulation of multivariate normal rectangle probabilities and their derivatives theoretical and computational results," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 72(1-2), pages 85-134.
  3. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2002. "Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale
    [Transfers to elderly parents and intra household allocation]
    ," MPRA Paper 38572, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2003. "Solidarités familiales par la démonstration
    [Familial solidariies and the demonstration effect]
    ," MPRA Paper 38438, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Transferts monétaires "inter vivos" et cycle de vie," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 51(6), pages 1419-1452.
  6. Guttman, Joel M., 2001. "Self-enforcing reciprocity norms and intergenerational transfers: theory and evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 117-151, July.
  7. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Cultural evolutionary altruism: theory and evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 241-262, June.
  8. Arrondel, L. & Masson, A., 1999. "L'économie des générations: les familles et l'Etat," DELTA Working Papers, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) 1999-19, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  9. André Masson & Luc Arrondel, 1991. "Que nous enseignent les enquêtes sur les transferts patrimoniaux en France ?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 100(4), pages 93-128.
  10. Jellal, Mohamed & wolff, François charles, 2000. "Shaping intergenerational relationships the demonstration effect," MPRA Paper 38512, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. François-Charles Wolff & Luc Arrondel, 1998. "La nature des transferts inter vivos en France : investissements humains, aides financières et transmission du patrimoine," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 135(4), pages 1-27.
  12. Arrondel, Luc & Laferrere, Anne, 2001. "Taxation and wealth transmission in France," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 3-33, January.
  13. André Masson & Luc Arrondel, 1996. "Gestion du risque et comportements patrimoniaux," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 296(1), pages 63-89.
  14. Francois-Charles Wolff, 2001. "Private intergenerational contact in France and the demonstration effect," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 143-153.
  15. André Masson, 1999. "Quelle solidarité intergénérationnelle ?," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 14(1), pages 27-90.
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Cited by:
  1. Marta Melguizo Garde, 2007. "La motivación de las transmisiones lucrativas entre generaciones de una familia: modelos teóricos y evidencia empírica," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, IEF, vol. 181(2), pages 81-118, June.

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