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Imperfect Competition in an Overlapping Generations Model: A Case for Fiscal Policy

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  • Claude d'ASPREMONT
  • Rodolphe DOS SANTOS FERREIRA
  • Louis-André GERARD-VARET

Abstract

Imperfect competition is a meaningful feature for macroeconomic analysis only to the extent that it leads to properties qualitatively different from those obtained under perfect competition. In particular, we have to wonder how imperfect competition per se may found an effective fiscal policy. For that matter we consider a simple overlapping generations model with firms acting as Cournot oligopolists in the good market. Through fiscal policy, a government, keeping the stock of money constant, redistributes wealth among generations and absorbs some of the output to provide public services. We show in this model that fiscal policy, by affecting firms' market power, can move the economy across perfect foresight stationary equilibria along a Pareto improving path, or that it can implement a full employment stationary equilibrium which Pareto-dominates underemployment equilibria.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ENSAE in its journal Annals of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): (1995)
Issue (Month): 37-38 ()
Pages: 531-555

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Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:1995:i:37-38:p:20

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Cited by:
  1. Peter Skott & Soon Ryoo, 2012. "Public Debt and Functional Finance in an OLG Model with Imperfect Competition," UMASS Amherst Economics Working Papers, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics 2012-10, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics.
  2. Costa, Luís F. & Dixon, Huw David, 2011. "Fiscal policy under imperfect competition with flexible prices: An overview and survey," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 5(3), pages 1-57.

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